What Are Nootropics or “Smart Drugs” or Cognitive Enhancers?


BMJ: “The Billion Dollar Business of Being Smart.”

Chris D’Adamo, PhD, director of research and education, Center for Integrative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews: “Cytidinediphosphocholine (CDP‐choline) for Cognitive and Behavioural Disturbances Associated With Chronic Cerebral Disorders in the Elderly,” “Huperzine A for Mild Cognitive Impairment,” “Vinpocetine for Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.”

European Neuropsychopharmacology: Modafinil for Cognitive Neuroenhancement in Healthy Non-Sleep-Deprived Subjects: A Systematic Review.”

Evidence-Based Complimentary and Alternative Medicine: “Establishing Natural Nootropics: Recent Molecular Enhancement Influenced by Natural Nootropic.”

Experimental Gerontology: “Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Cognitive Function of Healthy Individuals: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.”

Barry Gordon, MD, PhD, director, Cognitive Neurology/Neuropsychology Division, Johns Hopkins Medicine.

Harvard Business Review: “Like It or Not, Smart Drugs Are Coming to the Office.”

Journal of Ethnopharmacology: “Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials on Cognitive Effects of Bacopa Monnieri Extract.”

National Center for Health Research: ” ‘Study Drug’ Abuse by College Students: What You Need to Know.”

Nutritional Neuroscience: “The Combined Effects of L-theanine and Caffeine on Cognitive Performance and Mood.”

FDA: “Spilling the Beans: How Much Caffeine is Too Much?” “Pure and Highly Concentrated Caffeine.”

What do you think?

5559 points
Upvote Downvote

Written by

Tech leads Wall Street lower

What are heat shock proteins (HSPs)?