India’s Satyarthi and Pakistan’s Malala win 2014 Nobel Peace Prize
Kailash Satyarthi, an Indian child rights campaigner, and Pakistani girl rights activist Malala Yousafzai, have jointly won the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”
At least 55 people were killed and more than 150 injured in a suicide bomb attack in Pakistan near its border with India at Wagah. Wagah is the only road border crossing between the Indian city of Amritsar and the Pakistani city of Lahore. The Pakistani Taliban and other militant groups, including Jundullah, claimed responsibility for the attack.
During Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung’s visit to India, New Delhi and Hanoi signed pacts for oil exploration blocks in the Vietnamese waters in the South China Sea. India has also promised to provide four offshore patrol vessels and other naval vessels to Vietnam under a $100 million defence line of credit, much to objections being raised by China.
Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga fighters have crossed the Turkish border to help defend the Syrian town of Kobane from Islamic State militants and to push back Islamic State militants who have defied US air strikes and threatened to massacre its Kurdish defenders.
With an aim to turn the country into a global manufacturing hub, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Make in India” campaign on September 25. India seeks to emulate China and other East Asian powerhouses by focussing on export-oriented manufacturing.
Sweden became Western Europe’s first EU member to recognise the state of Palestine on October 30. The largely symbolic move is intended to indicate Sweden’s support to a twostate solution to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
As the city’s pro-democracy protest entered its sixth week, a top Hong Kong official rejected proposals by protest organisers for a de-facto referendum to resolve the current political standoff.
Afghanistan’s new President Ashraf Ghani visited China for a regional conference, the Fourth Foreign Ministerial Conference of the Istanbul Process on Afghanistan in Beijing, held on October 31. Ghani’s China trip is his first trip abroad since assuming office on September 29.
Speaking at a press conference in Yangon on November 5, Myanmar’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi said that reforms in the country have ‘stalled’ and warned against ‘over optimism’.
Brazil’s incumbent President Dilma Rousseff has won a second term, defeating her opposition rival Aecio Neves by a narrow margin. Rousseff won 51.6 per cent of the votes to 48.4 per cent for Neves in a runoff election.
Canada joined Australia in the list of panic-stricken countries which stopped issuing visas to residents and citizens of Ebola-affected countries, including Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. The visa bans violate the International Health Regulations, an international law that governs the global response to pandemics.
The Republicans have won control of the Senate in the US mid-term elections. Thus, for the first time during the Obama administration, the Grand Old Party (GOP) will control both houses of Congress. The results will pose new challenges for the US President’s last two years in office. Obama’s popularity ratings have taken a nosedive.
Pro-Russian leader Alexander Zakharchenko was sworn in as the head of the Donetsk People’s Republic on November 4, after claiming a crushing victory at polls rejected by Kiev. The United States and European Union have denounced the vote as illegitimate.
A special tribunal in Bangladesh has sentenced Mir Quasem Ali, a senior leader of Jamaat-e-Islami to death, for atrocities committed during the 1971 independence war against Pakistan.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un made his first public appearance in five weeks, ending a prolonged absence that fuelled speculation about his health and talks of a possible coup. However Kim was pictured walking with the aid of a cane.
Russia has launched an inquiry into major Russian oil firms suspected of market rigging to push up petrol prices nationally. The Federal Anti-Monopoly Service (FAS) is investigating Bashneft and Lukoil, both privately owned, as well as the state-owned Rosneft.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in the most important assessment of global warming, made a telling observation as it asked the industrialised nations of the world to take immediate steps to reduce greenhouse gas emission and warned that, “If left unchecked, climate change will increase the likelihood of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems.” Climate change sceptics have long disregarded tell-all signs.