India created history after its first mission to Mars achieved success. The Mars Orbiter Mission vehicle, Mangalyaan, entered the Red Planet’s orbit on September 24. India is the first Asian nation to reach Mars and the first in the world to achieve success in its maiden attempt.
After beheading two US journalists, Steven Sotloff and James Foley, earlier in September, militant group ISIS has released another video claiming to have beheaded a British humanitarian aid-worker – Alan Henning. In another incident, a group known to be an ISIS-affiliate has also claimed to have beheaded a French citizen in Algeria.
In a video posted online, al-Qaeda chief Ayman al-Zawahiri promised to spread Islamic rule to India and “raise the flag of jihad” in the subcontinent. He said the new wing (Al- Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent) would ‘rescue’ Muslims there from ‘injustice and oppression’.
Pakistan’s Supreme Court has agreed to hear a petition filed by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) leader Ishaq Khan Khakwani seeking the disqualification of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Earlier, talks between PTI and the Pakistan government were rumoured to have made progress. Members of Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT), led by Tahir-ul- Qadri and Imran Khan’s PTI, began their protest on August 15, seeking to topple Sharif.
Dispelling the mounting pressure to form an inclusive government, Iraq’s Parliament has officially named Haider al-Abbadi as the country’s new Prime Minister and approved most of his proposed Cabinet members, as the country battles to take back territories lost to ISIS militants.
Political parties in Nepal have missed the first deadline set by Constituent Assembly (CA) calendar concerning the constitution drafting process. As per the calendar, parties should have settled contentious issues such as forms of governance, electoral system, federalism and judiciary by September 6.
A ceasefire has been agreed upon by Israel and Palestinian Authority in the Gaza Strip. The truce thus ended seven weeks of fighting that has left more than 2,200 people dead, mostly Palestinians.
The five-nation BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – at the 6th BRICS Summit announced the setting up of a $100 billion development bank. The bank will be based in Shanghai and India will preside over its operations for the first six years.
A global trade deal over Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) at World Trade Organization (WTO), Geneva, failed to reach any consensus after the Indian government’s insistence on parallel agreement safeguarding food security for millions of Indians.
Tensions in the South China Sea figured in 47th meet of foreign ministers of ASEAN nations, with the Philippine minister elaborating on Manila’s three-stage resolution on territorial disputes in the sea.
Scotland has said no to putting an end to its 307-year-old union with England, Wales and Northern Ireland. After counting the ballots, 55.3 per cent of the population voted against breaking off from the UK.
In the worst outbreak of Ebola virus ever, some 2,100 people have been killed across Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria. The virus has also spread to Senegal.
Japan’s Kei Nishikori became the first Asian man to reach a Grand Slam final by upsetting world number one Novak Djokovic in the US Open semi-finals. However, he lost to Croatian Marin Cilic in the final.
Pro-Russian rebels in Ukraine have released 1,200 prisoners. The release followed a ceasefire deal reached in Belarus which included a proposal to exchange prisoners.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Japan, in what is his first visit outside the subcontinent. The two countries decided to enhance cooperation in defence and other strategic areas and also signed five pacts. The two countries upgraded their partnership to the level of ‘Special Strategic and Global Partnership’ with the signing of a defence pact for regional stability.
Army chief Prayuth Chanocha was appointed as the Prime Minister of Thailand by his handpicked legislature. Earlier, the army seized power on May 22 in a bloodless coup, following six months of street protests that contributed to the ousting of former Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra.
Ending six months of political deadlock, two bitter rivals in Afghanistan’s last presidential election signed a power sharing deal. Under the terms of the deal, Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai will replace Hamid Karzai as Afghanistan’s president. The agreement also creates the post of chief executive which will be held by Abdullah Abdullah who refused to accept the results of the election.